Law as a Career in India

Law as a Career in India

Law as a Career in India: It is a stable and secure profession that offers good prospects for the future. There are many reasons why people choose to pursue a career in law, but the most common one is the desire to help others. Lawyers play an important role in society. They help to protect the rights of individuals and groups, and they can make a real difference in people’s lives.

The legal profession in India has a long and rich history. The first recorded lawyers in India were the Vedic priests, who were responsible for religious law. Around 600 BC, the first secular law code was written by the great Indian emperor, Ashoka. This code, known as the Arthashastra, was based on the concept of dharma, or duty. It established a system of courts and outlined procedures for resolving disputes.

In the centuries that followed, the legal profession in India evolved to meet the needs of a growing and complex society. Today, there are three main types of lawyers in India: solicitors, barristers, and advocates. Solicitors are general practitioners who provide advice and assistance on a wide range of legal matters. Barristers specialize in courtroom advocacy and represent clients in criminal and civil cases.

various areas of specialization

There are many different types of lawyers and each one specializes in a different area of the law. Some lawyers may specialize in criminal law, while others may specialize in family law. There are also lawyers who specialize in environmental law or tax law. Each type of lawyer has a different set of skills and knowledge that they use to help their clients.

Criminal lawyers represent clients who have been accused of committing a crime. They work to ensure that their clients receive a fair trial and that they are not convicted of a crime they did not commit. Criminal lawyers also work to get their clients the best possible sentence if they are convicted.

Family lawyers help families with legal issues that arise from family relationships such as divorce, child custody, and adoption. They also help families with estate planning and other financial matters.

The training

To become a lawyer in India, it takes hard work, dedication and a passion for the law. The process is not easy, but it is possible to become a lawyer in India if you have what it takes.

First, you must complete an undergraduate degree from an accredited university. In India, there are many different types of law degrees available, so you will need to choose the one that best suits your interests and career goals. After completing your degree, you must then pass the All India Bar Examination (AIBE).

Once you have passed the AIBE, you will be eligible to practice law in India. However, before you can start practicing, you must complete a two-year internship with a law firm or government organization. During your internship, you will gain valuable experience and knowledge that will help you in your career as a lawyer.

The work

In India, lawyers are responsible for providing legal advice to clients, representing them in court, and draft and file legal documents on their behalf. They may also be required to research the law and provide legal opinions to clients.

Most lawyers in India work in private practice, either as part of a small firm or a large corporation. However, some lawyers may also work for the government or non-profit organizations. Lawyers typically work long hours, including evenings and weekends.

The career prospects

In India, the legal profession is one of the oldest and most respected professions. It is a challenging and demanding career, but it can be extremely rewarding. There are many opportunities for lawyers in India, both in the private sector and the public sector.

The Indian legal system is complex and diverse, and lawyers can specialize in a variety of areas. In the private sector, lawyers can work in law firms or as in-house counsel for companies. They can also work as consultants or start their own law firms. In the public sector, lawyers can work for the government or for NGOs.

There is a growing demand for legal services in India, and Lawyers can play an important role in solving social problems. They can also use their skills to help businesses grow and expand into new markets.


Since the 1990s, the number of lawyers in India has quadrupled. The Indian legal system is based on the English common law system, and Indian lawyers are highly sought after by international law firms.

There are many reasons why lawyers are in high demand in India. The population is growing rapidly, and there is a need for more legal services. The economic growth of the country has also led to an increase in business activity, which requires more legal assistance. In addition, the Indian government has been increasing its regulation of businesses, resulting in a greater need for legal advice and representation.

 Lawyers in India are well-positioned to take advantage of these trends. They have the education and skills necessary to provide quality legal services. Additionally, they are familiar with the Indian culture and language, which makes them valuable to foreign law firms looking to expand their businesses into India.


There are several cons for lawyers in India. One con is the amount of money that lawyers make. In India, lawyers make an average of $5,000 per year, which is significantly less than what lawyers make in other countries. Additionally, the cost of living in India is relatively high, so lawyers have to spend a significant portion of their income on basic necessities.

Another con for lawyers in India is the work environment. Many law firms in India are overcrowded and poorly lit, and most lawyers work long hours with little to no break. This can lead to burnout and poor mental health. Additionally, there is a lot of competition among lawyers in India, which can make it difficult to advance in one’s career.

Finally, the legal system in India is often corrupt.


In conclusion, law is a good career choice in India for those interested in public service and helping others. It is also a stable and secure profession that can provide a good standard of living. However, it is important to remember that becoming a lawyer requires hard work and dedication.